Hwaseong Fortress


The historic, extensive Hwaseong Fortification in Suwon (sometimes called Suwon Hwaseong) is one of Korea's most visited monuments. The system of forts and walls was built in the late 18th century during the Joseon Dynasty.

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Hwaseong Fortification has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.

The palace inside the 5 km long walls

The ramparts around downtown Suwon are truly monumental, measuring more than 5.5 km in total. Both the fortifications and the Hwaseong Palace itself are extremely well preserved and have almost the same appearance as when they were built.

During the 18th century, King Jeongjo decided to move the Joseon Dynasty's headquarters from Seoul to Suwon, 35 km away, which had more strategic access to the sea. The entire fortification was built between 1794 and 1796, and the inner palace of Haenggung was built only two years later.

Visiting the fortress

The most popular tourist attraction is a walk along the entire 5km-plus long ramparts. However, you can also visit Haenggung Palace itself, which is not as large as Seoul Palace.

The ramparts

  • Open daily from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm (March-October) or 5:00 pm (November-February)
  • Ticket price -1 000 krw


  • Open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (March-October) or until 5:00 p.m. (November-February)
  • Ticket price - 1 500 krw

You can also purchase an integrated ticket for 6 500 krw to visit the palace, the ramparts and the two Joseon Dynasty museums right in Suwon City.

Official website: www.swcf.or.kr

Transportation to Suwon

Suwon is about 35 km south of Seoul, but still within easy reach of the subway or commuter rail. It takes about 40-45 minutes to get here from central Seoul.

  • Hwaseo Station (approx. 2.3 km) - dark blue line 1
  • Suwon Station (approx. 1.9 km) - dark blue line 1 + yellow line Suin-Bundang

What to see around

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